Newborn to 3 months - development and assessment

From spontaneous movement to the beginning of goal directed actions 
Infants are born with a range of motor behaviors that allow them adapt to adapt to, and interact with, their ew environment. 

Over the first three months the infants start to gain more control over the pattern and direction of the  spontaneous movements that are present at birth as they start to perform more goal directed and intentional action. 

New Notes on perceptual-motor development (Open Access) 

Newborn Infant: 0-4 weeks  PDF download 

1-2 month period (5-12 weeks)  PDF download 


For TOMTI  subscribers 

New Development: month-by-month 

 0-4 weeks      1-2 month period (5-12 weeks)


Developmental sequences 

Supine development notes:   Newborn supine    Supine 1-2 months    

Supine development guided observation     Supine at 5 weeks    Supine at 10 weeks

Prone development  Prone development 

Head control    Head control and pull-to-sit

Pull-to-sit   Newborn to 5 months 

Hand use   Visual attention and hand use 

Sitting    Sitting 0-7 weeks     Sitting at 10-12 weeks   

Hand use and social communication  Overview:neworn to 5 months   0-8 weeks: visual attention, reaching, grasping 0-8 weeks    10-12 weeks reaching and manipulation    14- 15 weeks hand function


Assessment of infant at 2 -3 months 

Assessment guides

1  Purpose and first impressions 

2   Assessment in supine 

3  Assessment in prone 

4  Pull-to-sit and sitting 

A Pathways.org video Typical and atypical development at 2 months

Active mobilization   Neck elongation to improve pull-to-sit performance