TOMT workshop pre-reading and links

Task Oriented Movement Therapy for Infants

Presented by Pam Versfeld

Pre-workshop reading

The GAME approach: principles for EI 

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/therapy/GAME-approach-EI-cp

This TOMT website article provides a summary important principles of the GAME approach
 

For a more detailed description with links to supporting research see GAME (Goals - Activity - Motor Enrichment): protocol of a single blind randomised controlled trial of motor training, parent education and environmental enrichment for infants at high risk of cerebral palsy. BMC Neurol. 2014 Oct 7;14:203. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27027732

Perception-action loops and motor learning

A brief introduction to how infants learn through repetition and exploration when engaging in goal directed, self-initiated actions. 
http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/notes/perception-action-cycles

And lastly a brief article on an infant’s the emerging sense of self.

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/tutorials/emerging-sense-of-self



Links to resources, references and useful websites 

Introduction to TOMT

TOMT approach
http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/tomt-assess/index

Family Centered Care Canchild 
https://canchild.ca/en/research-in-practice/family-centred-service

Pathways
https://pathways.org/

Pathways Videos  2,4 and 6 month typical and atypical motor development

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLyPj1_Wge_0QO1YMVAfLmeLcXYmOvcNwV

University Utah Paediatric Neurological Examination  https://neurologicexam.med.utah.edu/pediatric/html/newborn_n.html

 

Evidence Based Intervention

Systematic reviews    http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/notes/early-intervention-systematic-reviews

The Game RCT and Principles   http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/therapy/GAME-approach-EI-cp

HINE    http://hammersmith-neuro-exam.com/               

Maitre, N. L., Chorna, O., Romeo, D. M., & Guzzetta, A. (2016). Implementation of the Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination in a High-Risk Infant Follow-Up Program. Pediatric neurology65, 31–38.

Download video https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5395423/

GMFM    Can Child   https://canchild.ca/en/resources/44-gross-motor-function-measure-gmfm

GMFCS 
https://canchild.ca/en/resources/42-gross-motor-function-classification-system-expanded-revised-gmfcs-e-r

General movements
Summary, video and references http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/notes/general-movements

                       

Head control and development in supine

Head control: development and assessment

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/tomt/head-control/overview
Supine assessment 2-3 months

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/node/621

Pull-to-sit   
http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/dev/pull-to-sit

Prone development and crawling

Prone development videos

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/dev/prone/overview

Prone development and assessment 

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/tomt/assess/prone

Infants who scoot on their buttocks

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/tomt/infants-who-scoot

Early exploratory hand and foot actions
Overview: development of hand function

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/dev/hands/tutorials-dev-hand-function

Foundation manual behaviors 0-5 months  http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/dev/hands/foundation-manual-behaviors

How to set up a play gym to encourage early hand function

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/hands/setting-up-playmat

Infant foot actions
http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/dev/foot/supine

Sitting
Training sitting: principles and assumptions

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/tomt/sitting/principles

Infant sitting bibliography
http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/devtut/sitting-bibliography

Assessment and training of sitting
http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/tomt/sitting/home

Standing and cruising
Overview development of standing
http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/tomt/standing/overview                

Infants who won’t put their feet down to stand

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/tomt/standing/infant-wont-put-feet-down-to-stand

Guide to assessment of standing with hand support – with PDF download

http://tomt.skillsforaction.com/tomt/standing/assessment