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Some thoughts about crawling
A series of posts in response to Mindy Silva's question: Why do infants "bunny hop"?
About the neonate to crawling series
Variability, learning to balance in prone kneeling and early crawling
What abilities are needed for reciprocal crawling?
Prone kneeling: strength, coordination, stability and balance requirements
Development in prone
From prone lying, up into kneeling and crawling
Assessment of atypical development in prone
Observation and adaptation of the environment to elicit prone behaviors
Although infants with atypical development may not tolerate being prone on a flat surface, there are other options for providing infants with opportunities to develop the neck and trunk flexibility and muscle strength promoted by spent time in prone, as well as the ability to take weight on the UEs in preparation crawling.
The TOMT&T assessment includes items that allow the therapist to identify different ways in which the physical environment can be adapted to allow the infant to assume a prone lying position, develop trunk extension in prone and start to explore possibilities for taking weight on the UE.