INDEX

 ► Open access    For subscribers   (More about  a TOMTI subscription)


Sections - Overview 
►  Development Video Library 
►  Infant Training Guides 
►  Toddler Training Guide


Task oriented, evidence based therapy approaches Open Access
►  SfA Task Oriented Movement Therapy for Infants and Toddlers (TOMT 0-4) 
►  Function focused, task based approaches to intervention 
►  Why adopt a  task based, goal focused, context oriented approach to intervention? 
►  GAME approach to early intervention 

Will 7m sitting 3_1.jpg   New Movie (524).Movie_Snapshot_1.jpg


Motivation, temperament, engagement and play  Open Access

►  All therapy should be grounded in a positive relationship
►  How temperament, behavioral inhibition and a cautions nature affect motor learning 
►  Behaviors needed for successful learning of movement based skills
►  Sensory processing disorder or BI and an anxious temperament?  


Concepts in motor control – a dynamic systems perspective Open Access
Analysis of task performance – a constraints led approach  
► Interaction between the task, child and environment

How goals guide movement strategies 
► Prospective control: a key element in motor planning 

Affordances – what the environment allows
► How toddlers learn about cliffs, gaps, and inclines
► Stepping up and down: how young children adapt their actions to the physical environment

Multisensory integration and sensory reweighting
Sensory integration and sensory reweighting development in infancy

Postural control: balance and stability
► Postural sway as exploratory behavior

Learning to use surfaces for support 
► Using available resources to support exploration

Learning through exploration  and experience
► Importance of active engagement 
► Perception-actions cycles and exploratory learning 

Visual pickup for motor planning
► Vision for catching and other interception tasks
► Looking ahead: visual pickup for planning a walking path

Motor planning 
► Crossing the midline - a matter of trunk stability and motor planning
► Bilateral coordination 
► Planning for end state comfort 


Active mobilization 

► What is active mobilization
 Active mobilization for infants and toddlers


Guide to infant motor development, assessment and training 
   Open Access    For subscribers    More about a TOMT subscription 

Principles of assessment and intervention
► Principles of Task Oriented Movement Therapy for Infants (TOMTI)
► Start with abilities 


Mobilization for infants 
► Introduction to active mobilization


Assessment guidelines 
►  Index 
2-3 month period
 1  Purpose and first impressions   
 2  Assessment in supine 
► 3 Assessment in prone 

 4  Pull-to-sit and sitting 
► A Pathways.org video Typical and atypical development at 2 months


8-15 months 
    8-12 months with developmental delay
►   12-15 months: What to include in the assessment 
   12 mo plus with marked delay: suggestions for assessment and intervention 


Motor development: newborn to early walking 

Supine, kicking, early reaching, rolling
Development 
► Index 
► Overview of postural development in supine 

 Newborn infant 
 Will at 5 weeks 
 1-2 month period 
 3-4 month period
 5-7 month period - videos 
The day Will learned to roll across the room 
Assessment 
   Supine assessment 2-3 months  (with checklist) 
Training activities 
► Max at 12 weeks (CA 6 weeks)  Using bells to enhance kicking 
 Roan at 17w (12 weeks CA)   Atypical development 


Head control and pull to sit 
Development 
 Birth to 12 weeks 
► Pul-to-sit development

Intervention 
 Neck flexionm mobilization to improve pull-to-sit 
 Active stretching to improve neck and back stiffness


Prone - creeping - crawling
Development 
 Development in prone: newborn to crawling - overview 
5-12 weeks - videos
    5 weeks - videos with notes 
    7-14 weeks
    3-4 months - videos 
    5-6 months - videos 
    7 months - videos and analysis 
    8-12 months - videos 

Assessment 
 Newborn to creeping 
Intervention
  Activities for training kneeling and transitions from sitting to kneeling 
Bibliography


Sitting
Development 
► Overview 
► Development of sitting:  trajectory from birth to active independent sitting
Assessment 
► Assessment of sitting: introduction 
 Sitting with high trunk support
► Sitting with pelvic level support 
► Sitting independently - with minimal external support 
Intervention 
► Training activities  

Bibliography
►  Sitting: bibliography


Supported standing and cruising
Development
 ►  Development of standing with hand support   
 ►  Infants who won't put their feet down to stand

   Development of standing - from 8-12 months 
Assessment 
►  Guide to assessment of standing with hand support  (with PDF checklist)
Intervention and training guides 
  Training activities -index  


Social development and communication 
   Development - video clips 


Hand function
► Index 
Perspectives 

►  Attention is the magic ingredient for learning new hand (fine motor) skills 
►  A research based guide to observing infant object exploration  
►  Foundation manual behaviors birth - 5 months 
►  How infants use their hands to grow their brains  (On the SfA Infant and Toddler Developmental Gym website)

Development 

  Infant hand function birth to 6 months 
  Infant hand function 7 - 15 months 
  From object exploration to goal directed actions: 10-18 months  

Hand function tutorials 

►  Index to series  of posts exploring the development of hand function from birth to 24 months

Video clips and analysis 

►  0-7  months: figuring out how to use the hands to explore the environment  
►  8-15 months: exploring object properties and affordances
► 15-36 months: goal directed actions



Toddler Gross Motor Tasks

Overview of toddler abilities 
► Toddler gross motor abilities  A brief description of all the locomotor, agility and climbing tasks a toddler needs to master 

Standing up, sitting down, squatting and rising to stand 
  Squatting and sitting down  
  Standing up from floor sitting 
  Standing up and sitting down on a step

will 18 m squat to stand 1_1.jpg  W 15m stand up 35_1.jpg  W 15m stand up 33_1.jpg  R 4y stand up from floor 3_1.jpg   

Stepping up and down 
► Stepping up: task analysis  
 Training stepping up

W 32m step up 4.jpg  W 32m step down 4.jpgStep up low step touch support_1.jpg

Obstacles, gaps, uneven ground and stepping stones
► Stepping over obstacles: training ideas 
► Walking on a bridge: training ideas

Jumping 
►  Learning to jump down: analysis and training ideeas
►  Jumping off two feet: analysis and training ideas 

Catching and throwing
    Stopping a rolled ball
    Throwing a soccer sized ball  
► Ball catching: bibliography

Lifting and carrying 
    Carrying bottles 
    Carrying boxes - making box towers 

Hand tasks
► Cutting with scissors 
► Putting on socks